Master Theses

Join the Bend – A Tool Development by Twisting Cross-Section Axis as
Drive for Innovative Strip Bending-Active Structure Design


Xiao, Yinan | Aalto University

In terms of methods, a behaviour-based approach by making physical models is used for initially form finding and spatial experiences. After that, a digital tool is been developed in order to explore the structural limitation in a numerally geometric approach by using Kangaroo Grasshopper and Python script. The logic of the structure system is been developed and simulated using a 6DOF (degrees of freedom) algorithm in a physical engine. Compared to 3DOF methods, it can provide a faster and more accurate modelling feedback. In the force model, it can simulate both translation and rotation behaviour of a rectangular cross-section elastic beam. Several cases and a final demonstration are discussed based on this algorithm.

Design of Freeform Membrane – Tensegrity Structure


Feng, Ye | Aalto University

Inspired by a lightweight, and tectonically decent pavilion, MOOM pavilion in Japan, this thesis study explores a digital approach to transform an existing physical structure into a digital computational model by following the principle behind in order to explore and generalize the principle and develop a generic digital tool for designing freeform membrane-tensegrity structures in architecture. Through generalize the regulations behind the existing structure and the generic digital tool development, the way of designing the same type of structure could be more efficient, logical, and free.

Perception in Structural Relations – Contextual structure design based on the perception of tectonic relations


Wang, Shuaizhong | Aalto University

With the belief that architecture is a structure-generated space, the structure must be able to produce or shape every kind of space – including physical and abstract spaces. Starting with Kazuo Shinohara’s structural thinking, through the research of philosophical and physiological theory and many building projects, the thesis seeks to propose a relational-structure approach that could contribute to a rethinking and rereading of physical and abstract context, and extends the meaning of building structural design.

La Loma Larga: Rethinking an Inner-City Edge in Monterrey, Mexico


Hernandez Gazga, Salvador | Aalto University

This thesis has for aim to study and understand the reasons behind the current situation of cities in Mexico, anchored in the historical, cultural, political and economical scenes at a national level, and then at the level of the northern industrial city of Monterrey, which constitutes the case study. From there, a site of interest, La Loma Larga, serves as an example of confrontation between wealthy neighborhoods and impoverished area. As that specific site hasn’t been completely urbanized nor fenced yet, this thesis explains the reasons behind it, and lastly propose a solution to urbanize it in order to alleviate the most extreme symptoms of urban segregation.

Architectural Context in the Age of Big Data


Khachatryan, Tigran | Aalto University

With the arrival of the digital paradigm and the emergence of new perceptual tools the conception of what constitutes as architectural context is changing. The digitalization and the development of digital tools in architectural design might offer a possibility to effectually utilize this new understanding of architectural context. Thus, this thesis examines how the notion of architectural context has changed throughout the second half of the twentieth century and suggests that there is a need to employ the knowledge accumulated in the field of data science in architectural thinking.

Understanding Sustainability in Finland: Local Environmentalism and Potential for Sustainable Design


Palarie, Dan | Aalto University

The main problem tackled here is to identify what is the role of the architect and its means in developing a local sustainable design as well as what are the data and tools that can be used to achieve that. Since the architect’s role has been considerably diminished in today industry, a significant lack of energy flow understanding is being noticed. Moreover, it is being noticed a lack for comprehensive analysis and understanding of the current state of Finnish build environment and its environmental issues. Architects are being faced with the fast-growing necessity for sustainability, thus are not being prepared to develop sustainable building design by the means of passive solutions.

Performative Building Envelopes: State of the Art and Future Potentials


Fotouhi, Fahimeh | Aalto University

This thesis presents a design research project that focuses on developing a system for a performative building envelope called ‘Flex Shell’. Flex Shell is a material system that performs both on structural and environmental level ans has a part to whole approach. It is constituted of planar wooden components in simple geometries that are grouped and joined through an interlocking process and create an integrated double-layered shell. It is potential for high structural stability due to increased structural height, which is possible to control by the distance of its layers. The staggered arrangement of the panels provides the opportunity to direct natural light in a controlled way and creates a playful pattern of light and shadow inside the envelope.

Approaching the virtual – A human-centered architecture


Radion, Iulia-Elena | Aalto University

This thesis explores human-centred architecture at a fundamental level, searching for the ways our habitat can enable the unexpected. I examine the prospect of an architecture for the virtual in the current fabric of the actual, taking advantage of the fluidity and nomadism of the digitised culture. I analyse the intimate relation humans have with the environment, the factors which influence our perception of space and our ability to affect the world around us. The thesis culminates into an examination of architecture at the limit between physical and digital, employing virtual reality and motion sensing input devices to reflect on the fluid boundary between human and habitat.

Biomimicry in Architecture


Niemi, Satu | Aalto University

This thesis provides one definition and interpretation of biomimicry and a review on how biomimicry could be used in architecture. This is done through a literary study and the analysis of chosen case examples. The case examples showcase the use of biomimicry in the design of building envelope solutions that respond to the changes in the environment by emulating different adaptive strategies found in plants.